DB25 connector pinouts.

Read Arduino Through PC Printer Port

by Lewis Loflin

In this second test program we will again learn how to interface a PC printer port to read a DS18B20 Centigrade temperature sensor though an Arduino microcontroller. This differs in that we use PC printer 8-bit data port to control Arduino. We'll use bits D0-D2.

The purpose of these series of projects is to use the Arduino microcontroller to operate low-level electronics but use a high level language like Python to control Arduino from a common PC or Raspberry Pi.

The goal was to control and read complex sensors, operate stepper motors, etc. though the PC printer port or Raspberry Pi. This code with modifications works on Raspberry Pi and vice-versa.

I wanted to avoid the use of I2c and complex C programming with the PC. This takes advantage of my modified version of pyparallel. See Programming the PC Printer Port in Python.

Arduino is programmed in a type of low-level C and can operate a vast number of sensors and motors, but is worthless for high-level programming better done in Python.

Python is handy as it will operate much the same with any PC without getting into low-level architecture. This bridges the gap between using a nice graphical interface with python-tkinter and the electronics portion of Arduino.

The wiring diagram is shown above and was connected to an Arduino Nano - should work with any of them. The only connections used is pins 2, 3, and 4 on the DB25 connector.

The projects will get more and more complex leading the a combination Arduino with read-write capability to the PC and the PC operating a 2X16 LCD display in conjunction with Arduino. This program uses pportArduino1.ino or pportArduino2.ino.



#!/usr/bin/env python 
# File pportArduinoReadbits.py
# http://www.bristolwatch.com/pport/index.htm
# By Lewis Loflin - lewis@bvu.net

# This version use Data port bits D0-D2
# Does the same thing as pportArduinoRead.py

# Data from Arduino displayed on terminal.

# Read serial data from Arduino
# Same as TLC548 except 16 bit
# and pport must send reset to Arduino

# Use reset with Arduino sketch pportArduino1.ino
# Use delay after reset of 0.5 Sec.
# Reset not used with Arduino sketch
# pportArduino2.ino

# SW1 is connected from ground to Db25 pin 10 and pulled high
# by a 10k resistor.

import parallel
import time

p = parallel.Parallel()


# init i/o pins
p.setDataStrobe(0) # Pin 1 output NC
p.setAutoFeed(0)   # Pin 14 output NC
p.getInError()	   # Pin 15 input to DATA OUT Arduino D4
p.setInitOut(0)    # Pin 16 output NC
p.setSelect(0)     # Pin 17 output NC

# data LSB first
# enable CS1 HIGH
# set CLK HIGH
# read data bit shift left
# set CLK LOW
# repeat 15 times
# then once more after loop.
# last bit should not be shifted.

# Arduino
#define CLK 6
#define CS1 5
#define dataBit 4

# Connect to Arduino CLK D6
def writeD0(bit_val):
    if bit_val == 1:
        p.setData(p.data() | 1) # set bit 0
    else: # clear bit 0
        p.setData(p.data() & (255 - 1))
    return



# Connect to Arduino CS1 D5
def writeD1(bit_val):
    if bit_val == 1:
        p.setData(p.data() | 2) #set bit 1
    else: # clear bit 1
        p.setData(p.data() & (255 - 2))
    return


# Connect to Arduino Reset
def writeD2(bit_val):
    if bit_val == 1:
        p.setData(p.data() | 4) #set bit 1
    else: # clear bit 1
        p.setData(p.data() & (255 - 4))
    return

writeD2(0)
writeD1(0)
writeD0(0)

#################################Arduino##################

# Reset Arduino to perform whatever reading
# use transistor between pport and Arduino
def resetArduino():
    writeD2(1)
    time.sleep(.001)
    writeD2(0)
    time.sleep(3)



# Read Arduino
# DelayT is used to pause after enable CS
# for sensor to upsate. Delay should be 
# 0.5 Sec. for DS18B20 to cycle through.
# 0.1 for everything else.
def readArduino(delayT):
        temp = 0
        writeD1(1) # enable CS
        time.sleep(delayT)
        for i in range(0,15): # loop here 7 times
                writeD0(1) # CLK HIGH
                time.sleep(.001)
                temp = temp + p.getInError() # get bit
                temp = temp << 1 # shift 1 bit left
                writeD0(0) # CLK LOW
        writeD0(1) # CLK HIGH
        time.sleep(.001)
        temp = temp + p.getInError() # get bit 8 
        writeD0(0) # CLK LOW
        writeD1(0) # CS LOW
        return temp




#####################################################

# Print a 16-bit number (integer) in binary. 
# Returns string.
# unlike python bin() this doesn't drop leading zeros
def convBinary(value):
    binaryValue = 'b'
    for  x in range(0, 16):
        temp = value & 0x8000
        if temp == 0x8000:
           binaryValue += '1'
        else:
            binaryValue += '0'
        value = value << 1
    return binaryValue

####################################################  
    
	
# SW1 is connected from ground to DB25 pin 10 and pulled high
# by a 10k resistor.
def SW1():
	return p.getInAcknowledge()  
   # check pin 10 DB25 when pressed returns 0

def degC(val): # convert value DS18B20 read
	return val * 0.0625
	
def degF(val): # convert value DS18B20 read
	return (val * 0.0625) * 9 / 5 + 32


print "Please wait for reading..."

j = readArduino(.5) # delay .5 sec. for DS18B20

print hex(j)
print bin(j)
print j

print degC(j), "deg. C"

print degF(j), "deg. F"

print "Exit now."      
exit



Linux Videos

Live Linux Distro for Using Printer Port with Electronics
Using the powerful Rox-Filer system in Linux
Use FEH under Linux for a Wallpaper Setter
How to create Symbolic links in Linux

Printer Port Interfacing Videos:
Connect Electronics to PC printer Port with Python
Setup PC Printer Port with Python-Linux
Use PC Printer Port to Read Analog Voltage


Read-Write Arduino ADC PWN with Printer Port
Printer Port to Serial LCD Display
Connect Arduino to PC Printer Port for advanced control

Projects


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Below are listed a series of projects using pyparallel and electronics. Starting with routines I wrote to aid students I'd advise walking through this in sequence. Have fun and send comments and/or corrections to lewis@bvu.net.

 


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