PCA9555 Demo Board
PCA9555 Demo Board

PCA9555 GPIO Expander with Arduino Using Interrupts

by Lewis Loflin

YouTube Video for this project: PCA9555 32-Bit GPIO Expander with Arduino

In this series I'll be connecting the PCA9555D 32-bit GPIO expander board to an Arduino micro-controller. First we started out simple with counting from 0 to 255 in binary on eight LEDs. See Part 1 for technical information and getting started.

Here in part three we will learn to use the interrupt pin to jump to the key scan routine only when a key is pressed. A BCD value is output on the eight LEDs.

In part two we learned to connect a 4X4 keypad to an 8-bit port. Using "polling" the routine getKey() we will check for a key press and return a BCD value from 0 to 16 displayed on the eight LEDs. See Part 2

In part four we will connect a type a HD44780 type LCD display and learn how to enter data and manipulate character date and strings. In addition to the LCD display we will scan a keypad, use hardware interrupts, all connected through a single PCA9555 module.

In addition I'll reveal some code little discussed with Arduino and we will convert/manipulate code for output to the LCD display. See Part 4

This differs from two only in the addition of interrupt use instead of polling.

4X4 keypad used in this demo.

PCA9555 interfaced with HD44780 LCD display.
PCA9555 interfaced with HD44780 LCD display.

PCA9555 pin connections and Adapter Board
PCA9555 pin connections and Adapter Board

Update for 2023: the above demo board with two PCA9555s is no longer available. Because the PCA9555 only comes in surface mount, a conversion or Adapter board is needed along with 24, 2.5mm pin headers. (Two rows of twelve.)

For this project one will need two PCA9555s and two Adapter boards.

The "SOIC-24 / SOP24 SMD to DIP Adapter" (search Ebay) sells for $10 for a 10 pack. The PCA9555 sells for ~$2.50 each at www.mouser.com. They have 29,000 in stock as of March 2023.

Arduino code for this project: arduino_pca9555_irq.txt

Stepper Motors

Serial LCD Display and assorted Sensors

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